IPMItool是一个用于管理和配置,支持智能平台管理接口(IPMI)1.5版和2.0版规范的设备的实用程序。 IPMI是一个开放的标准,监控,记录,回收,库存和硬件实现独立于主CPU,BIOS,以及操作系统的控制权。 服务处理器(或底板管理控制器,BMC)的背后是平台管理的大脑,其主要目的是处理自主传感器监控和事件记录功能。


下载部署

wget http://rpmfind.net/linux/centos/7.9.2009/os/x86_64/Packages/OpenIPMI-2.0.27-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
wget http://rpmfind.net/linux/centos/7.6.1810/os/x86_64/Packages/ipmitool-1.8.18-7.el7.x86_64.rpm
wget http://rpmfind.net/linux/centos/7.6.1810/os/x86_64/Packages/OpenIPMI-modalias-2.0.23-2.el7.x86_64.rpm

yum -y localinstall OpenIPMI-2.0.27-1.el7.x86_64.rpm ipmitool-1.8.18-7.el7.x86_64.rpm OpenIPMI-modalias-2.0.23-2.el7.x86_64.rpm


设置

加载驱动

modprobe ipmi_devintf
modprobe ipmi_watchdog
modprobe ipmi_poweroff
modprobe ipmi_si (虚拟机会报错:modprobe: ERROR: could not insert 'ipmi_si': No such device,可忽略。)
modprobe ipmi_msghandler


查看加载状态

[[email protected] ~]# lsmod | grep ipmi
ipmi_ssif              36864  0
ipmi_si                61440  0
ipmi_devintf           20480  0
ipmi_msghandler       102400  3 ipmi_devintf,ipmi_si,ipmi_ssif


重启服务

systemctl restart ipmi


命令help

[[email protected] ~]# ipmitool help
Commands:
        raw           Send a RAW IPMI request and print response
                      # 发送一个原始的IPMI请求,并且打印回复信息。
        i2c           Send an I2C Master Write-Read command and print response
        spd           Print SPD info from remote I2C device
        lan           Configure LAN Channels
                      # 配置网络(lan)信道(channel)
        chassis       Get chassis status and set power state
                      # 查看底盘的状态和设置电源
        power         Shortcut to chassis power commands
        event         Send pre-defined events to MC
                      # 向BMC发送一个已经定义的事件(event),可用于测试配置的SNMP是否成功
        mc            Management Controller status and global enables
                      #  查看MC(Management Contollor)状态和各种允许的项
        sdr           Print Sensor Data Repository entries and readings
                      # 打印传感器仓库中的所有监控项和从传感器读取到的值。
        sensor        Print detailed sensor information
                      # 打印详细的传感器信息。
        fru           Print built-in FRU and scan SDR for FRU locators
                      # 打印内建的Field Replaceable Unit (FRU)信息
        gendev        Read/Write Device associated with Generic Device locators sdr
        sel           Print System Event Log (SEL)
                      # 打印 System Event Log (SEL)
        pef           Configure Platform Event Filtering (PEF)
                      #  设置 Platform Event Filtering (PEF),事件过滤平台用于在监控系统发现有event时候,用PEF中的策略进行 
                         事件过滤,然后看是否需要报警。
        sol           Configure and connect IPMIv2.0 Serial-over-LAN
                      # 用于配置通过串口的Lan进行监控
        tsol          Configure and connect with Tyan IPMIv1.5 Serial-over-LAN
        isol          Configure IPMIv1.5 Serial-over-LAN
        user          Configure Management Controller users
                      # 设置BMC中用户的信息 。
        channel       Configure Management Controller channels
                      # 设置Management Controller信道。
        session       Print session information
        dcmi          Data Center Management Interface
        nm            Node Manager Interface
        sunoem        OEM Commands for Sun servers
        kontronoem    OEM Commands for Kontron devices
        picmg         Run a PICMG/ATCA extended cmd
        fwum          Update IPMC using Kontron OEM Firmware Update Manager
        firewall      Configure Firmware Firewall
        delloem       OEM Commands for Dell systems
        shell         Launch interactive IPMI shell
        exec          Run list of commands from file
        set           Set runtime variable for shell and exec
        hpm           Update HPM components using PICMG HPM.1 file
        ekanalyzer    run FRU-Ekeying analyzer using FRU files
        ime           Update Intel Manageability Engine Firmware
        vita          Run a VITA 46.11 extended cmd
        lan6          Configure IPv6 LAN Channels


常用操作

远程电源控制类

[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool -I lanplus –H 192.168.3.11 –U username –P Password  chassis power off
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool -I lanplus –H 192.168.3.11 –U username –P Password  chassis power on
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool -I lanplus –H 192.168.3.11 –U username –P Password  chassis power reset
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool -I lanplus –H 192.168.3.11 –U username –P Password   chassis power cycle


读取系统状态类

[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool sensor list  显示系统所有传感器列表
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool fru list   显示系统所有现场可替代器件的列表
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool sdr list   显示系统所有SDRRepository设备列表 
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool pef list   显示系统平台时间过滤的列表


系统日志类

[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool sel elist   显示所有系统事件日志
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool sel clear   删除所有系统时间日志
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool sel delete ID 删除第ID条SEL
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool sel time get  显示当前BMC的时间
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool sel time set XXX 设置当前BMC的时间


启动设置类

[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool chassis bootdev bios 重启后停在BIOS 菜单
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool chassis bootdev pxe 重启后从PXE启动

### 系统相关的命令
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool mc info 显示BMC版本信息
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool bmc reset cold BMC 热启动
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool bmc reset warmBMC冷启动


网络接口相关命令

[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool lan print 1 显示channel1的网络配置信息
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool lan set 1 ipaddr 192.168.3.11 设置channel1的IP地址
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool lan set 1 netmask 255.255.0.0 设置channel1的netmask
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool lan set 4 defgw ipaddr255.255.0.254 设置channel4的网关
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool lan set 2 defgw macaddr  设置channel2的网关mac address
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool lan set 2 ipsrc dhcp 设置channel2的ip 源在DHCP
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool lan set 3 ipsrc static 设置channel2的ip是静态获得的


通道相关命令

[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool channel info 显示系统默认channel
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool channel authcap channel-number privilege  修改通道的优先级别
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool channel getaccess channel-number user-id 读取用户在通道上的权限
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool channel setacccess channel-number user-id callin=on ipmi=on link=onprivilege=5 // 设置用户在通道上的权限


用户管理相关命令

[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool user list chan-id 显示某通道上的所有用户
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool set password [] 修改某用户的密码
[[email protected] ~]# Ipmitool disable   禁止掉某用户
[[email protected] ~]# ipmitool enable   使能某用户
[[email protected] ~]# ipmitool priv [] 修改某用户在某通道上的权限
[[email protected] ~]# ipmitool test <16|20>[<password]> 测试用户


系统管理常用

查看设备信息

/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin chassis status

查看用户

/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin user list

增加用户

/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin user set name 3 test1
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin user list
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin user set password 3 test1
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin user priv 3 20
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin user list
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U test1 -P test1 user list

disable/enable用户

/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin user disable 3
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U test1 -P test1 user list
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin user enable 3
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U test1 -P test1 user list

查看服务器当前开电状态

/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin power status

服务器的开机,关机,reset和power cycle

/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin power on
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin power off
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin power cycle
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin power reset

查看服务器的80 Port当前状态

/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin raw 0x30 0xB2

查看服务器的传感器状态

所有传感器状态详细信息:
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin sensor
传感器SDR summary信息:
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin sdr info
传感器SDR 列表信息:
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin sdr list
FRU传感器SDR 列表信息:
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin sdr list fru
下载RAW SDR信息到文件:
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin sdr dump sdr.raw

查看服务器的FRU信息

/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin fru
/usr/bin/ipmitool -I lanplus -H 192.168.3.11 -U sysadmin -P admin fru print